Technology stack for web development

There is a widely-held belief that a tech stack can make or break your future web product. That’s why before writing any line of code, it’s crucial to carefully select a tech stack. Not only does it impact the web product flexibility, scalability, and performance, but it is also likely to determine web project success. In this article, we are going to overview how to pick up the right tech stack to get your web project off the ground and run it successfully. Let’s dive into the details below!

Technology stack for web development

What does a Technology Stack mean?

From a growth standpoint, a technology stack (tech stack) implies the combination of tools and technologies applied by a development team to create a web or mobile solution. Typically, it consists of programming languages, front-end and back-end frameworks, a database, and applications connected via APIs.

What is Technology Stack for web development?

To simplify things, the web development technology stack is formally broken down into front-end and back-end main components. The front-end component is also called the client-side programming while the back-end component server-side programming. Each of these components comes with a set of tools necessary for development. Let’s take a closer look at them below!

Front-end or Client-side

It refers to the interface that users interact with. Visuals, graphical layouts, and user-friendliness are essential factors for a successful frontend. Here are the major client-side programming elements:

HTML

(the markup language): used to organize and position content on the page by structuring and placing the data.

CSS

(the stylesheet): used to add style to the content elements (background, font, colors, layouts, etc.)

JavaScript

(the scripting language): used to make web pages interactive and dynamic.

TypeScript

being a JavaScript superset, it is utilized to implement scripting for complex enterprise projects on the server-side as well as for the frontend of web pages.

Frontend frameworks:

refer to the packages with prewritten code and contain commonly-used elements such as the grid, pre-defined typography, and website components like buttons, scroll bars, and side panels that simplify and speed up the development process.

Back-end or Server-Side

It refers to everything that happens on the server and is not visible to users. Nearly all business logic runs on the server-side from rendering dynamic webpages and interacting with databases to verifying the identity of the user. Let’s take a look at the tools used for the server-side programming:

Programming languages:

allow software engineers to give instructions to a computer in a language the computer understands. Python, JavaScript (JS), PHP, Scala, Ruby, C# are some examples of popular programming languages.

Backend Frameworks:

including the basic functionality, they provide structure for future products such as organizing and communicating with your database, handling requests from users, and sending out registration or password reset emails, etc. Some examples of popular backend frameworks are Django, Flask, Laravel, Spring, Ruby on Rails, .NET, MeteorJS, ExpressJS, etc.

Server:

used to handle HTTP requests from clients’ by sending and receiving them. Some examples of popular servers are Apache, Nginx, AWS, Google Cloud Platform Services, Microsoft Azure, etc.

Databases:

allow you to store and query all of your real-time and historical data and help you monitor user behavior when they use the web solution. MySQL, PostgreSQL, Redis, Elasticsearch, MongoDB, Hadoop, HBase are some examples of popular databases.

API services:

provides a connection between the client and the server and sends/receives large quantities of information from other systems. Some examples of popular API services: Segment, Mulesoft, Zapier, Google Apigee, Tealium, etc.

What are the types of web development stacks?

LAMP

This stack is known for its free and open-source approach to back-end development (server-side programming). The acronym LAMP stands for the following technologies:

Linux:a free and open-source operating system (OS) that offers more flexibility and configuration options in comparison with other operating systems.
Apache:an open-source and free web server that delivers web content through the internet. MySQL: is a database management system that allows you to store and manipulate data; it is suitable for running even large and complex sites.

PHP/Perl/Python:
programming languages used for coding web solutions. This stack is the best option to build a website, media servers, and highly functional web applications.

Here is a LAMP stack alternative:

LEMP (Linux, NGINX, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP/Perl/Python)
LLMP (Linux, Lighttpd, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP/Perl/Python)
LAPP (Linux, Apache, PostgreSQL, PHP)
LEAP (Linux, Eucalyptus, AppScale, Python)

MEAN

Being a relatively new, free and open-source JavaScript software stack, MEAN stands for the following technologies:

MongoDB:a document-oriented NoSQL database used for storing and retrieving a high volume of the application’s data.
Express.js:web application server framework that provides requests to the database and returns a response.
AngularJS:used to accept requests and display results to the end-user.
Node.js:used to handle client and server requests.

This technology stack is a great choice if you are going to build such solutions as single-page applications (SPAs) with interactive UIs, dynamic websites, and web apps.

MERN

Becoming an increasingly popular tech stack among developers, the MERN stack covers the full web development cycle front-end development (client-side programming) and back-end development (server-side programming). Being similar to the MEAN stack, it has a slight difference. React is used instead of Angular. Generally, it is suitable for developing premium dynamic web applications. If you opt for this tech stack, you will be aware that the web development process will run smoothly and efficiently. MERN stack refers to applying MongoDB, Express.js, React, Node.js technologies.

MEVN

This stack contains MongoDB, Express.js, Vue.js, and Node.js technologies. Backed by JS technology, it allows developers to work on both front-end development and back-end development. If you tend to build interactive, and intuitive websites and web applications, server-side applications, the MEVN stack is a great option for you.

Serverless Stack

Going serverless is becoming a viable and desirable IT infrastructure. According to Forrester’s report, 49% of companies are using or plan to use serverless architecture in 2020. Serverless computing platforms provide all the services and tools that allows developers to create simple infrastructure and scale up thousands of users. Mentioned above stack includes the following technologies:

  • AWS: AWS Lambda
  • Microsoft Azure: Azure Functions
  • Google Cloud: Cloud Functions

This stack is a perfect solution if you tend to build real-time web apps.

How to choose technology for web development: 4 Key Steps

When it comes to developing a digital product, choosing a suitable technology stack for your project is essential. However, with a plethora of languages, frameworks, and tools available in the IT landscape, it is getting more challenging and complicated to find out a good fit. Having that in mind, we are going to quickly grasp key things to consider while selecting the tech stack for web development. Let’s dive into the details below!

01 Clearly define the requirements and size of the project

At the very start, it’s imperative to know everything about your future web project. It includes the target audience, the type of project (static, dynamic, real-time, etc.), industry (automotive, e-commerce, fintech, etc), key features, and so on. In addition to that, you should be in the know about the size of the project:

  • Small projects: powered with simple functionality, they require 15-20 tasks to be completed; the development team can develop and implement these projects (single web page sites, portfolios, etc.) in less than 3 months.
  • Medium-sized projects: generally take 3-6 months to complete the project; require to apply a combination of languages to be developed; may need the integration with existing systems. Here are some examples: fintech apps, online stores, or enterprise applications.
  • Large projects: when working on the project, developers use a complex combination of tools to create and implement required functionality; typically, the development process lasts 6-24 months. Here are some examples: social networks and marketplaces.

02 Take into account time-to-market

This stack contains MongoDB, Express.js, Vue.js, and Node.js technologies. Backed by JS technology, it allows developers to work on both front-end development and back-end development. If you tend to build interactive, and intuitive websites and web applications, server-side applications, the MEVN stack is a great option for you.

03 Focus on scalability

If you plan to expand the web product in the future, taking care of the scaling in advance is a must. Only by choosing the right technology stack can you handle an increased workload when dealing with a larger amount of data. Moreover, it will help you reduce request delays and time to update code, add new features with ease, etc.

04 Safeguard your web solution

Whether you launch a real-time web app or dynamic website, the security of your web solution is a central component. With that in mind, you should protect your web solutions from being hacked by selecting the right types of web development stacks and implementing security measures throughout the software development life cycle. Not only does it help you create and implement a web solution in a secure way, but it also prevents you from the breach of sensitive or confidential information and saves your business in the long run.

Bottom line: Ready to reveal which tech stack will help in the growth of your business?

There is a wide range of types of web development stacks available. That’s why opting for the right technology stack for web development is key to making it work for your business. However, while some of the tech stacks may appear to be a great fit for creating real-time web apps, ultimately, they may not be the best option for building dynamic websites. Having that in mind, don’t hesitate to contact us and we can help you make the right decision.

Related Articles

Fixed price vs Time & Materials

Selecting the right pricing model is a challenging task for a customer, that is why a tech expert’s opinion may come in handy.

Read more

Visual Design Services

The appearance and usability of the site have a direct impact on the number of sales and the level of income of the company.

Read more

The Best Framework for Web Development

Choosing the best framework for web development is always challenging and project-dependent.

Read more

Let's discuss our cooperation

Please fill in the form below and we will contact you to clarify the details